Definition and Legal Bases of Extension
Extension is one of the three mandates of Bicol University along with instruction and research. Extension is broadly defined as the systematic transfer of technology, innovation or information generated by HEIs and its partners to seek solutions to specific developmental concerns. It is purpose-specific, target-specific, and need-specific program of action utilizing the best available data, science and evidences from a range of disciplines to inform systematic approaches to developmental solutions. HEIs are expected to work in partnership with communities, business and industry in facilitating the transfer of knowledge or technology on specific developmental areas that directly affect the lives of individuals, families and communities (CMO 52, s. 2016). The BU Code of 2016 similarly defines extension as an educational program that facilitates the transfer of knowledge, technology and innovation from research and academic institutions to the end-users, taking into consideration their actual needs and problems.
Extension service, as defined in the GAA, is an inherent function of an institution of higher learning with the purpose of initiating, catalyzing, and sustaining the development of various communities, using their experiences and available resources. It is an educational program that facilitates the transfer of knowledge and technology from research and academic institutions to the end-users, taking into consideration their actual needs and problems (BU Code,1994). Furthermore, it is the act of communicating and transferring knowledge and technology to specific sectors and target clienteles… to enable them to improve production, community and/ or institutions, and quality of life at the same time enhance the HEIs academic and research programs (CMO No. 8 series of 2008).
Extension services also involves packaging, demonstration, and application of appropriate technology, tools, materials, processes and products, generated through research and technical studies in selected communities for countrywide adoption. It includes community organizing activities and similar extension, or community development work. It is an alternative educational process and related services are undertaken with the various clienteles of the university for the purpose of initiating, catalyzing, sustaining and widening their opportunities and creating more favorable true-to-life teaching-learning experiences for the students and for the institution.
The definition of extension has gradually evolved through time from the basic concept that it is a non-formal system of education which is organized to provide the people with useful and practical knowledge and technology, and teach them to apply these to improve their lives (Valera, Martinez and Plopinio, 1987).
As an integral mandate of the University, the extension function is governed by legal mandates to include the following:
Industry 4.0 which has global connection in strengthening the university excellence networks, open to cooperation in research and technology transfer, by modernizing and integrating into the industrial system.
2030 UN Sustainable Development Agenda – include 17 goals and 232 indicators embodied in comprehensive, far-reaching and people-centered goals and targets with emphasis on human development approach enlarging people’s choices, both in the formation of human capabilities and the use people make of their capabilities
ASEAN Integration 2015 – states that HEIs shall contribute in achieving competitiveness by assisting producers, processors and traders to meet global employment market and provide excellent professional preparation of students.
Republic Act No. 11293 otherwise known as the Philippine Innovation Act fosters innovation in the country as a vital component of national development and sustainable economic growth. Among its policies is to invest in education, science, technology and innovation that shall be guided by a strategic direction towards strengthening the country’s knowledge-based economic development that benefits all. Innovation starts with a robust pool of skilled, talented and creative people. Educational institutions together with partners are key drivers of programs that stimulate innovation literacy and skills development for the Filipino workforce and entrepreneurs, including women and the youth.
Republic Act No. 9710 Magna Carta of Women (Republic Act No. 9710) – defines Gender and Development Program (GAD) as the development perspective and process that is participatory and empowering, equitable, sustainable, free from violence, respectful of human rights, supportive of self-determination and actualization of human potentials.
Philippine Higher Education Reform Agenda 2017 – emphasizes competitiveness as one of its agenda in upgrading capacity on directed R & D and extension programs to serve socio-economic goals under the developed niche areas; and in the Philippine Higher Education Roadmap for CHED, HEIs and SUCs are “to be in full service of national development” to perform strategic role in Philippine Development Plan.
In support to R.A. 7722, CHED Order No. 02, Series of 2011 states that, in cases where form of compensation is required to personnel engaged in CHED-funded programs and projects which is not among his regular functions, the recognition for personnel’s productivity and extraordinary performance, efficient delivery of services and outputs shall be encouraged.
R.A. 8435 or the Agriculture and Fishery Modernization Act of 1997 – stipulates that the state must give priority on the utilization of research results through formal and non-formal education, extension and training services to support development of national extension system to help accelerate the transformation of Philippine agriculture and fisheries from a resource-based to a technology-based industry (Sec. 86). The extension program of state universities and colleges shall focus on the improvement of LGU capability in extension service through degree and non-degree training program, technical assistance, extension cum research activities, monitoring and evaluation of extension projects, and information support services through tri-media and electronics (Sec. 90). Likewise, CHED established National Agriculture and Fisheries Education System (NAFES) to give priority to education and training on science and technology to accelerate social progress and promote total human liberation and development (Sec. 65, 66).
Republic Act 8292 otherwise known as the Higher Education Modernization Act of 1997 – allows SUCs to establish extension center to promote development of the latter. It also permits institutions to set up the adoption of modern and innovative modes of transmitting knowledge such as the use of information technology, open learning, community laboratory, etc. for the promotion of greater access to higher education.
R.A. 5521 – an act establishing the Bicol University with its mission “to give professional and technical training and provide advanced and specialized instruction in literature, philosophy, the science and the arts, besides providing for the promotion of technological researches”.
Corollary to the directives of the different national offices, extension shall be part of the GAA provision, normative funding, Performance-based Bonus Benefits, PASUC accreditation and evaluation for faculty promotion, International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Institutional Accreditation, Q Stars, and SUC levelling.
A dynamic and responsive model university organization that builds capacities of leaders and change agents towards societal transformation and development in Bicol and beyond.
To bring the University closer to the community by engaging in unified extension undertakings, providing access to science and technology to clienteles thus building capacities and transforming lives in Bicol and beyond for sustainable development, and conforms with the mission of the University.
The Bicol University Extension Management Division (BUEMD) began as the “social service station” of the University through the Public Affairs Office in 1970. It managed students’ out-of-school activities and community services undertaken by faculty and administrative staff. These activities were in the form of training programs, information campaign through publications, radio, agro-industrial exhibits, and staff support to various agencies.
In 1977, the BU Public Affairs Office was formerly institutionalized as BU Extension Service Center(BUESC). It had five major areas specific to public information, training for non-degree requirements, specialist support, action cum research, and extension which were all responsive to actual societal needs and requirements of the Bicol Region. In the seventies and eighties, the Center was the voice of Bicol University on information and agricultural development. Farmers and rural folks benefited from the radio program dubbed as “University on the Air” which reached a significant majority of the region at five to six in the morning. The program was hosted by Mr. Ramon Salire, the first BUESC Director.
The conduct of workshops and seminars, as well as short-term skills, was a popular mode of extension delivery. Experts from different units of the University were invited to discuss useful and simplified technologies in developing indigenous resources that can contribute to the improvement of socio-economic conditions of local communities.
During the nineties, the BUEMD became more visible in the University. The organizational structure was established, policies were instituted and extension components were enhanced in the action-cum-research, the publications, and the specialist’s support services. One of the action-cum-research endeavors was the Bicol Integrated Rural Development (BIRD) Project designed to improve the socio-economic status of rural constituents and develop the community through self-help. Wider and enhanced communication with clienteles became possible with radio broadcast activities of the Info-Packaging Section. Newsletters and information materials on different technologies developed by the University formed part of the Center’s information media (e.g. Extension News, Extension Journal, Impormasyong Pangkauswagan). To further enhance the production of print materials as well as to complement the regular budgetary allocation for Extension, the Copy Printing Project was established. the publications, and the Specialist’s Support Services. Additionally, the Center also took the lead in hosting national conventions related to extension.
In the late nineties, more responsive extension programs were established covering not just the Province of Albay but also Masbate and Sorsogon. Some of these programs were the Municipal Science and Technology Advisory Program (MSTAP), Barangay Integrated Development Approach for Nutrition Improvement (BIDANI), Consultancy on Agricultural Productivity Enhancement Program (CAPE), and Linking for Education to Accelerate Literacy (LEAL). BIDANI was recognized as an extension program of BU through BOR Resolution No. 20, series of 1998. At this time, the transfer of technology based on research findings was a concept that was given attention. Innovations like LEAL, aimed at promoting acceleration and equivalency-alternative learning was hailed as the “Best Literacy Implementer” in the Province of Sorsogon.
In recent times, climate change adaptation and disaster risk management were emphasized. The scope of extension functions widened to include communities with high vulnerability and risk to hazards. Project implementations were done through partnerships with international agencies, like family disaster preparedness, disaster messaging and education, production of Bicol-translated posters on disaster risk reduction in selected barangays in Sorsogon through the World Food Programme; and localized Bicol-EDEN in disaster messaging and education through the Extension Disaster Education Network of the United States of America (US-EDEN), then later the Australian University of National Sovereignty in the promotion of global education.
Linkages with national agencies were also done. Extension activities for poverty alleviation in selected barangays of Guinobatan, Albay were supported by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), while increased farm productivity and extension agricultural trainings for agricultural enterprises were engaged by BUESC and the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) for a year in several areas in the Bicol Region. Moreover, the Department of Health (DOH) Region V and LGUs, to ensure that every person, especially the depressed, deprived and underserved sectors of society will have access to quality health services, conducted grassroots planning to draw out problems and were presented through a Barangay Health Planning Workshop in Albay and Sorsogon. Also, Jollibee Group Foundation provided fund support for school lunch feeding in selected municipalities of Albay which was participated by parents who also gained nutrition and health promotion information through seminars. Sustainability strategy through partnerships with local stakeholders and other agencies were likewise done.
With the recent trends on multi-disciplinary involvement, the concept of “convergence” is being adopted and continuously encouraged among the different BU units/ colleges. This pertains to the engagement of experts on various technologies and information in a specific extension undertaking to provide a holistic approach in community development. Some examples of extension undertakings where BU employees worked together include Conservation Farming Villages (Ligao City, Albay), Values-based Development Alternatives for the Welfare of the Needy (V-DAWN) and Risk-Sensitive Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP), and the Bicol University Integrated Program for Sustainable Development of Local Watershed Communities, as spearheaded in selected barangays of Manito, Albay.
In 2016, BUESC was renamed to BU Extension Management Division because of the creation of the Office of the Vice-President for Research, Development and Extension and the discipline-based RD & E centers. Some units were renamed to sections such as the Technical Review,Evaluation and Monitoring Support (TREMS), Continuing Education Management (CEM), Technology, Innovation and Information Dissemination (TIID) and the Coordination, Linkages and Other Support Services (CLOSS) with modified functions.
Linkages for skills- livelihood trainings, expanded regional partnerships and natural resource conservation were made possible with the Department of Social Welfare and Development V, Tsokolate at Pandesal, Inc., Linking for Education to the Society thru Extension and Research, Aboitiz Inc, among others.
The Department of Budget and Management (DBM) emphasized that extension continues to be one of the mandates of a University in order to help improve the quality of life in the communities. The Philippine Higher Education Roadmap 2014 likewise highlights the role of higher education institutions in poverty alleviation and serves as vehicles for technology-driven national development and global competitiveness of manpower or student exchanges. The most recent is Industry 4.0 which integrates the University into the industrial system through global connection, networking and cooperation in research and technology transfer.
EXTENSION PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS
Maternal, Newborn, Child, Health and Nutrition (MNCHN) Skills Training Course for Health Care Providers (2016-2017)
Offered by BU College of Nursing (BUCN)
With Local Government Units (LGU), Department of Health Regional Office V (DOH V), Partner Non-Government Organization (NGO)
The MNCHN program is DOH-initiated through Administrative Order titled “Implementing Health Reforms for Rapid Reduction of Maternal and Neonatal Mortality.” Reducing maternal and neonatal mortality shall be achieved through effective and appropriate MNCHN services in the locality. BUCN served as training institution for the required training course, while BUCN faculty attended a training of trainers as well as served as resource person, lecturer, facilitator, preceptor, and evaluator. These trainings served health care providers based at rural health units regionwide: Basic Emergency Management and Newborn Care Skills Training for Midwives, Lactation Management Training, Family Planning Competency-Based Levels 1 and 2, Usapan Series Training of Facilitators, Training on the Use of Adolescent Aid Manuals, as well as Newborn Screening with Heel Prick Training. The MNCHC Program enhanced the skills and knowledge of BUCN faculty and students in implementing health care procedures in hospital and community settings.
Registered Master Electrician Enhancement Program for Electrical Installers (2016-2017)
Offered by BU College of Engineering (BUCEng)
With Sorsogon Electric Cooperative (SORECO) II
Project Sites in Castilla, Sorsogon and Polangui, Albay
The project capacitated 22 non-licensed electrical installers with technical knowledge on electrical installations, Philippine Electrical Code, and safety practices. This prepared them for becoming Registered Master Electricians as it helped them pass the licensure examinination in electrical engineering given by the Professional Regulatory Commission. Trainings took place every Wednesday and Saturday for a month. Out of the 22 participants, 12 took the licensure examination and 8 of them passed – a passing rate of 67%. The passers are now employed and/or gained increase in their salaries.
Building Sustainable Communities: Native Chicken Production Project (2016 and continuing)
Offered by BUGC
With PTA, Small Water Impounding System Association (SWISA), Sorsogon Provincial Organic Farmers and Practitioners Association (SFOFA)
Project Sites in Sorsogon (San Fernando in Prieto Diaz, Abuyog and San Isidro in Sorsogon City, Carriedo and San Ignacio in Gubat)
The project established 6 model farms for native chicken production as an income-generating activity for families in the community. The 34 project participants gained new knowledge on native chicken production. Of these, 8 applied the native chicken technology, as well as established and sustained native chicken production. They formulated organic feeds and plant-based medicines, extracted from herbs they planted around the home. The BUGC implementers assisted the participants to sustain their project.
Linking Education to the Society Through Extension and Research-based (LESTER) Program
Organized by BU-EMD
Linkage with the Office of Civil Defense V, National Economic and Development Authority V, Department of Agrarian Reform V, Department of Environment and Natural Resources V, Department of Education V, Department of Interior and Local Government V, Department of Labor and Employment V, Department of Public Works and Highways V, Department of Science and Technology V, Department of Social Welfare and Development V, Department of Trade and Industry, National Food Authority V, Cooperative Development Authority V, Technical Education and Skills Development Authority V, Mines and Geosciences Bureau V, Security and Exchange Commission V, National Intelligence Coordinating Agency V, Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency V, Provincial Government of Albay, City Government of Legazpi, Police Regional Office V, Naval Forces Southern Luzon, together with the 9th Civil-Military Operations Battalion and the S7 901st (FIGHT ‘EM) Brigade of the 9th Infantry (SPEAR) Division of the Philippine Army, the Military Intelligence Group (MIG) V of the Intelligence Service of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, the 2nd Civil Relations Group of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, the 5th Forward Service Support Unit Army Support Command of the Philippine Army, and the Tactical Operations Group V of the Philippine Air Force.
The LESTER Program took off with a round-table discussion on the extension and research programs where areas of collaboration and complementation were identified. The discussions solidified and encouraged partnership and cooperation, as well as encouraged feedback from the stakeholders. Collective efforts, sharing of resources and familiarization with various programs of the academe can empower communities to make informed decisions. LESTER Program is an extension management initiative which sought to address the 2030 United Nations Sustainable Development Goal to ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels of extension.
Skills Training Program (2018-2019)
Offered by BU-EMD
With Local Government Units (LGU), Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) V
One of the extension modalities generated by the LESTER Program, the community-based Skills Training Program involved the participation of the three pillars of extension: the Academe, the National Government Agencies particularly the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), and the Local Government Units (LGUs). The Skills Training Program commenced on November 2017 with the signing of a memorandum of agreement (MOA) between BU and DSWD. It supports the Philippine government’s social contract with the Filipino people to achieve inclusive growth having rapid, sustained, and broad-based economic growth that is focused on creating more jobs and opportunities to achieve full employment and significantly reducing poverty.
Promoting Sustainable Upland Resource-Use System for Enhancing Resiliency in a Changing Environment: The AgrofCom Project Experience (2016-2017)
Offered by BUCAF
Project Sites in Albay (Paulog, Amtic, Busay in Ligao City; Mapaco in Guionobatan; Balogo in Oas; and Balinad in Polangui)
The projects focus on building empowered families living harmoniously in a sustainable and healthy environment through values-based agroforestry farming. Skills and value-based trainings along with physical inputs of fruit trees, animals/ livestock, vegetable seeds, strawberry plants, and agroforestry-based livelihood are vital inputs to end hunger and poverty, as well as caring for the environment. The farmer partners received farm inputs (fruit trees, vegetable seeds/fruit plant, and farm animals) and organized into SHGs. Best practices identified include use of values-based upland community development approach, SHG organizational strengthening, project co-management, linking savings and credit through SHG formation, development and mobilization of animal monitoring committee, passing on the project inputs, agroforestry learning model farms, as well as geographic positioning system (GPS) mapped agroforestry farm.
Program on Climate Resilient Initiatives for Sustainable Watershed Management System in Albay (2014-2018)
Offered by BUCAF
With the Rural Bank of Guinobatan, UPLB Foundation Inc., Aboitiz Renewables Inc., DA-BAR, CHED
Project Sites in Albay (Camalig, Guinobatan, Oas, Libon, Polangui, and Ligao City)
The Program seeks to up-scale the integrity of watersheds and waterways by focusing on sustainable and resilient agricultural, coastal, and marine ecosystems as the main sources of livelihood. Watershed development goes beyond soil and water conservation, it has a social dimension. Various BUCAF departments came up with component projects for the development of land, water, and plant resources to meet the basic needs of people and animals in a sustainable manner. Watershed development is BUCAF’s main intervention for natural resource management. It integrates technologies, governance, and socio-economic strategies within the natural boundaries of a drainage area (watershed). Best practices include use of values-based upland community development approach, self-help groups (SHG) organizational strengthening, project co-management, linking savings and credit through SHG formation, development and mobilization of animal monitoring committee, passing on the project inputs, agroforestry learning model farms, as well as geographic positioning system (GPS) mapped agroforestry farm.
Integrated Program for Sustainable Development of Local Watershed Communities
Offered by BUCAF
With BU Tabaco Campus, BU Gubat Campus, LGUs, DENR, DA, FIDA, Energy Development Corporation
Project Sites in Albay (Manito, Tiwi, and Pioduran) and Sorsogon (BUGC)
The Program adapts the watershed concept in the Conservation Farming Village (CFV) extension modality and multi-stakeholder participation. It seeks to enhance the capacities of watershed communities to achieve improved quality of life through sustainable management of bio-physical resources. It addresses human development and poverty alleviation, as well as natural resources conservation through multi-stakeholders’ participation with LGU as partner. Bicol upland rice varieties are promoted and conserved in appropriate areas as food source in upland and lowland communities. Likewise, health and nutrition education is done as healthy individuals contribute to the communities’ economic growth. Young people are taught environmental and cultural education as local culture is intrinsic to local community development. Disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM), as well as vaue-adding and product development, are taught to community members and leaders. Thus, they learn to generate sustainable livelihoods without exhausting the carrying capacity of the environment.
Harnessing Extension Advantage for Research and Development for the School and Communities (HEARDSC)
Offered by BU Gubat Campus
Project Sites in Sorsogon (Carriedo and San Ignacio in Gubat)
This project incorporates the establishment of learning farms for vegetable production as well as the integration of other agricultural activities such as native chicken production, vermi culture, native pigs production, feeds production, organic fertilizer production, and others. By providing technical support and continuing education to project partners and adopted communities, the project anchors on research and instruction, translating research findings into practical outcomes through capability building, skills training, and income-generating projects on Feeds production, Herbs production, Hydrophonics, Native chicken production, Organic farming, Organic fertilizer production, Swine/native pigs production, Tilapia production, Vermiculture, and Meat processing.
The Bicol University Extension function covers five areas of concern. These five areas makes up the key components in operationalizing this function. These are the following:
Landline Number: (052) 480-0167